ancient, but not "ancient ancient" by Egyptian standards.
actually from 1400 to 400 BC... meaning the New Kingdom era, and then the times when Egypt was run by Nubians, Persians and Greeks.
Specifically, the team wanted to see if ancient populations were affected, at the genetic level, by foreign conquest and domination during the time period. "We wanted to test if the conquest of Alexander the Great and other foreign powers has left a genetic imprint on the ancient Egyptian population," added Schuenemann.
The results show that ancient Egyptians were most closely related to ancient populations in the Levant, as well as having close links to Neolithic populations from the Anatolian Peninsula and Europe, thus suggesting the genetics of the Abusir el-Meleq community did not undergo any major shifts. When compared with more recent DNA, the study also revealed modern Egyptians share approximately eight per cent more ancestry on the nuclear level with Sub-Saharan African populations than with Ancient Egyptians.